IEC 62114 pdf download Electrical insulation systems (EIS) – Thermal classification
This International Standard establishes the thermal classification of an electrical insulationsystem (EIS). lt also identifies recognized procedures for the thermal evaluation of EIS.
This standard is applicable to EIS used in electrotechnical devices where the thermal factor isthe dominating ageing factor.
The following normative documents contain provisions which，through reference in this text,constitute provisions of this International Standard. For dated references,subsequentamendments to,or revisions of,any of these publications do not apply.However, parties toagreements based on this International Standard are encouraged to investigate the possibilityof applying the most recent editions of the normative documents indicated below.For undatedreferences, the latest edition of the normative document referred to applies. Members of lECand lso maintain registers of currently valid lnternational Standards.
IEC 60505,Evaluation and qualification of electrical insulation systems
IEC 61857(all parts)，Electrical insulation systems – Procedures for thermal evaluation
IEC 61858,Electrical insulation systems – Thermal evaluation of modifications to anestablished wire-wound EIS
For the purpose of this International Standard,the terms and definitions given in IEC 60505,as well as the following definition,apply:
designation of an ElS that is equal to the numerical value of the maximum use temperature indegrees Celsius (C) for which the EIS is appropriate
4.1 Thermal evaluation of EIS
Experience has demonstrated that,under normal operating conditions,satisfactory economiclife is obtained for electrotechnical devices such as rotating machines,transformers,etc., thatare designed and built in accordance with standards based on thermal evaluations of EIS.
4.2 Maximum use temperature
The thermal classes in this standard are numerically equal to the maximum use temperatures recommended for the EIS under normal operating conditions as defined by the product technical committee. Product TCs shall determine the operating conditions under which the maximum temperature of the device may differ from the thermal class of the EIS. Such situations may occur because either a shorter or longer life than normal is envisaged, or exceptional conditions of service exist.
4.3 Relation of EIM to EIS
The description of an electrotechnical device as being of a particular thermal class does not mean, and must not be taken to imply that each EIM used in its construction is of the same thermal endurance.
The thermal class for an EIS may not be directly related to the thermal endurance of the individual EIM included in it. In the EIS, the protective character of other EIM used in the system may improve the thermal endurance of an individual EIM. On the other hand, problems of incompatibility between EIM may decrease the appropriate thermal class of the system below the thermal endurance of the EIM. Such situations shall be investigated by the test procedures referenced in clause 5.
NOTE Thermal endurance of EIM is addressed in IEC 6021 6.
4.4 Other factors of influence Apart from thermal factors, the ability of the EIS to fulfil its function is affected by many factors, such as electrical and mechanical stresses, vibration, deleterious atmospheres and chemicals, moisture, dirt and radiation. All such factors should be taken into account when designing particular electrotechnical devices, and further guidance on the evaluation of these aspects may be found in IEC 60505.